Calcium is very important for maintaining the necessary level of bone mass to support the structures of the body. The body is constantly using calcium for the heart, blood, muscles and nerves.
Calcium is also lost through normal bodily processes such as waste and the shedding of hair, fingernails, sweat and skin. Osteoporosis is a common bone disorder that causes a growth loss in bone density and mass.
As a result, bones become thin, weakened, and easily fractured. A bone-healthy diet may not help rebuild your bones if you are experiencing age-related bone loss, but it can slow bone loss.
Good nutrition is important at all ages to keep the bones healthy.
• Taking calcium reduces bone loss and decreased the risk of fracturing the vertebrae (the bones that surround the spinal cord).
• Consuming calcium during childhood (eg, in milk) can lead to higher bone mass in adulthood. This increase in bone density can reduce the risk of fractures later in life.
• Calcium also has benefits in other body systems by reducing blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
• Calcium and vitamin D supplements have been shown to help prevent tooth loss in older adult.